Ultimate : 2019 Complete[ SEO Fundamentals]

By | July 22, 2019

What is Seo & how it works?

SEO means (Search Engine Optimization). It’s the process of increasing the quality and quantity of web traffic through searching content by a user on Search Engines. Search Engine Optimization can be targeted a different kinds of searches including (image search, video search, content search), etc. Simply we can say that Seo is the process of how a webpage gets more traffic in an organic way and naturally and comes to the first page of Google or other search engines.

Search Engine Vs Portal

What  is a Search Engines?

Search Engine:-   Search Engine is a service that enables internet users to search content in World Wide Web.it allows a user to input keywords phrase and retrieves those list of matching items of keywords and phrase. it just retrieves keyword-relevant content, video, images. Most Popular Search Engines are Google, Yahoo, Bing.

What is a portal?

 Portal:-   Portal is mainly a designed web site that retrieves Information from the database. the portal is a private location on the internet, which is accessed through unique URL, username, and password. There are many types of web portals listed below.

  • personal portal
  • Cultural Portal
  • Government Portal

Most Popular Web Portals are Facebook, Reddit, Quora.

Difference Between SEO & SEM

SEO:-   means (Search Engine Optimization).  It’s the process of increasing the quality and quantity of web traffic through searching content by a user on Search Engines. Search Engine Optimization can be targeted a different kinds of searches including (image search, video search, content search), etc. Simply we can say that Seo is the process of how a webpage gets more traffic in an organic way and naturally and comes to the first page of Google or other search engines.

According to an expert’s SEO is changing day by day because google wants to improve the user’s experience but, there is one aspect of SEO that stays content: Seo is made up of On-page Seo & Off-page Seo.

SEM:- SEM means  (Search Engine Marketing)  is a form of marketing that involves promotion. It is a way to create and edit a website so that search engine rank it then other pages.the technology enables the advertiser to bid on specific keywords and phrases and ensures ads pop up with the search result.SEM includes the use of paid search as pay per click(PPC) cost per click(CPC).

The Main Difference between SEO & SEM!

The main difference between both terms is Search Engine Optimization is a component of Search Engine Marketing, As I mentioned above that SEM Includes Paid Component. Both marketing statics are better but personally, I would argue that SEO the Best approach.

What is SERP?

SERP means(Search Engine Result Pages) is the list of a result that search engine returns in the response of users have searched specific keywords and phrases. The most common features of SERP  are

  • Rich Snippets:-(Review star for product or service rating)
  • PaidResults:- (Adwords or Google Shopping)
  • UniversalResults:-(image results, new results, featured snippets)
  • KnowledgeGraph:-(Weather, Celebrity knowledge panel)

What is Da-(Domain Authority) & Pa-(Page Authority)

DA:-   Da means (Domain Authority) which is developed by MOZ. Da mainly predicts the Search Engine Ranking Score. The Domain Authority score range is 1-100. Domain Authority calculated by directory submission and other sources. Frankly speaking, the site which has high-quality external links is scored better in Domain authority. Low Domain authority has fewer inbound-links so they scored too low is Domain Authority. You Check your Domain Authority by Google chrome Extension(MOZ)

PA:-  Pa means (Page Authority) which is also developed by MOZ. Page Authority predicts how well a specific page will rank on the Search Engine. The Page Authority score range is 1-100. Page Authority is based on data we are giving on the web on particular pages. It’s very easy to rank 20-40 but it’s too difficult to increase in 40-60. You Check your Page Authority by Google chrome Extension(MOZ).

How Search Engine Works

Search Engine is a service that enables internet users to search content in World Wide Web.it allows the user to input keywords phrase and retrieves those list of matching items of keywords and phrase. it just retrieves keyword-relevant content, video, images. Most Popular Search Engines are Google, Yahoo, Bing. Search Engines works in three ways.

  • Crawling
  • Indexing
  • Retrieval

Crawling:-  Search Engine has some spiders to perform crawling which automatically surf the web categories. In the Seo World crawling means following your links and crawling our web page. This is the reason why we create sitemap it contains all of the links and googles bots use them to look deeper.

Indexing:- After Completing crawling the result gets put on the Google Index.        Simply  Indexing is a process that shows web page after the google bots crawl. If your site is not getting indexed that means google is not crawling your website.

Retrieval:- When a user searches in google a specific keyword o phrase google goes through all its data index database and looks for the matched keyword & phrase content. Search engine improve their algorithms every day so that the user can get the exact data that matched to the user has input keyword and phrase

Techniques Of SEO

There are mainly two types of SEO(Search Engine Optimization)

  • White Hat SEO
  • Black Hat SEO

White Hat SEO:- White Hat SEO techniques maintain the SEO guidelines which are approved and excepted by search engines.

Black Hat SEO:- Black Hat SEO techniques dose not maintain the SEO guidelines which is not approved and excepted by search engines.


White Hat Vs Black Hat

White Hat SEOBlack Hat SEO
White Seo diont need to thing about penalized or de-indexing site.Black Hat your may get banned ,penalized or de-indeed from search engines.
provide relevan and quality post user dont care about post quality .
People who want a long-term earning system apply white hat techniqueswho want earn fast use black hat seo.

Google Algorithms.

Google has long listed Algorithm update list from December 2000 Now June 2019 Google has updated 19 times their algorithms most of them are minor and most are major updates. I will try you to cover the total timeline of google algorithms update.

December-2000: Google Toolbar.

Google’s free browser plugin, the user can perform a search by going to google’s website. This search engine makes easier before. To know more   ….                                                                     visit :-https://googlepress.blogspot.com/2000/12/google-launches-google-toolbar.html

September-2002: First Document Update.

For the First time, webmaster sudden changes their rankings, this change confused many SEOs and set that there were many updates coming in the future. To know more….   visit:- https://www.webmasterworld.com/forum3/5688.htm

February-2003: Boston

This was the first google announced update and it is a combination of algorithm changes and majors index refreshes know as “Google Dance”.To Know more……               Visit- http://level343.com/article_archive/2011/03/14/dancing-the-google-dance-one-algo-change-two-algo-change-go/

April-2003: Cassandra.

this was designed to address the link quality as linking co-owned from a domain. To know more.Visit:-https://www.webmasterworld.com/forum3/11622.htm

May-2003: Dominic.

This algorithm update changed the way that backlinks were weighted. To know more. Visit:- http://seocutts.blogspot.com/2013/06/dominic-update-may-2003-google-update.html

June-2003: Esmeralda.

This was google’s last monthly update, it Replaces “Google Dance” with  “EverFlusk” To know more.Visit:-http://www.kuro5hin.org/story/2003/6/23/201523/090

July-2003: Fritz.

This was the last official monthly update of “Google Dance”.Google started an incremental approach to updates. To know more…Visit:-https://www.mattcutts.com/blog/explaining-algorithm-updates-and-data-refreshes/

September-2003: Supplemental Index.

Google was growing quickly and had to move some pages into “Supplemental Index”To know more….Visit:-http://searchenginewatch.com/sew/news/2067049/search-engine-size-wars-googles-supplemental-results

November-2003: Florida.

This was a major algorithm update which felt site owners that Search Engine damaging there business. To know more….. Visit:- http://searchenginewatch.com/sew/news/2066309/what-happened-to-my-site-on-google

January-2004: Austin.

this update has tackled deceptive on-page statics. Some webmaster believes that this is the first algorithm to take page relevance to account. To know more…Visit :-https://www.searchenginejournal.com/the-latest-on-update-austin-googles-january-update/237/

February-2004:  Brandy.

this update comprised of little changes, including a large expansion and Latent Semantic Indexing(LSI).To know more. Visit:- http://www.webpronews.com/googles-brandy-update-exposed-2004-02

August – 2004: Google Ipo.

On August 19, 2004, Google announced that it would go for public $85/Share.They Sold 19 million shares. To know more. Visit:- http://edition.cnn.com/2004/BUSINESS/08/19/google.ipo/

January-2005: Nofollow

In that time for the first time Google, Yahoo, Microsoft introduced the “Nofollow” attributes, which donate that a couldn’t vouch for a appropriateness of the linked site. To know more. Visit:- http://searchenginewatch.com/sew/news/2062985/google-yahoo-msn-unite-on-support-for-nofollow-attribute-for-links

February- 2005: Allegra.

The effect of this update was not clearly named “sandbox”.Some Speculated that it affected Google but some of others believe that it had to do with LSI or suspicious links. To know more. Visit:- http://searchenginewatch.com/article/2047678/Googles-Feb.-2005-Update

May-2005: Bourbon.

Google Guy announced that this update involved “3.5 changes in Search quality, but did not say what actually they were. To know more…..Visit:-http://battellemedia.com/archives/2005/06/google_update_bourbon.php

June-2005: XML Sitemaps.

This is the first update when Google First allowed the webmaster to submit a Site Map. To know…….more:-http://searchenginewatch.com/article/2061916/New-Google-Sitemaps-Web-Page-Feed-Program

September-2005: Gilligan.

This the update where webmasters saw changes but Google claimed that there no update occurred. To know more…..Visit:-http://searchenginewatch.com/article/2061165/Googles-Cutts-Says-Not-An-Update-I-Say-An-Update-Just-Not-A-Dance

October-2005: Jagger.

This Update was actually a series of updates that rolled out in three stages. It targeted low-quality links, including reciprocal links, link farm, and paid link…To know more…..visit:-https://www.seroundtable.com/archives/002711.html

June-2005: Personalized Search.

This was the first update after that Google started to utilizing user’s search history to provide personalized result. To know more…..Visit:-http://searchenginewatch.com/article/2061728/Google-Relaunches-Personal-Search-This-Time-It-Really-Is-Personal

October-2005: Google Local/ Maps.

Google officially merged ists Local and Maps Data. It means that finding information and detailed directions to local businesses was now a seamless process. To know more…..Visit:- http://googlepress.blogspot.com/2005/10/google-merges-local-and-maps-products_06.html

December-2005: Big Daddy.

This update changed the way that Google handled URL canonicalization, redirects, and other techniques. This update was named “Matt Cutts”.To know more…..Visit:-https://www.mattcutts.com/blog/indexing-timeline/

November-2006: Supplemental Update.

This update changed how the pages in it were presented. Despite claims that having pages in the supplemental index was the penalty. To know more…Visit:-https://www.seroundtable.com/archives/006740.html

December- 2006: False Alarm.

Webmaster reported major ranking changes is this update .which may be attributed to large updates.

May-2007: Universal Search.

After this update google started integrating News, Video, Images, Local and other vertical and other traditional trade results. To know more……Visit:-http://searchengineland.com/google-20-google-universal-search-11232

June-2007: Buffy.

Buffy was described as “an accumulation of smaller changes” and was named in honor of Vanessa Fox leaving Google.https://www.seroundtable.com/archives/013882.html

April-2008: Dewey.

This update was unclear, but some suspected that Google was pushing its own properties like Google Books. To know more……Visit:- https://www.seroundtable.com/archives/016754.html

August-2008: Google Suggest.

This was the first which has started google’s suggestion or input of users. This features launched after four years of development. To know more……visit:-http://searchengineland.com/googlecom-finally-gets-google-suggest-feature-14626

February-2009: Vince.

Vince update focused on promoting Authority and trust and gave preference in SERPs to big brands. To know more…Visit:- http://searchenginewatch.com/article/2064606/Hand-Edits-or-Vince-at-Work-in-Google-Search-Results

February-2009: Rel-canonical Tag

This is a joint announcement of Google, Yahoo, and Microsoft. Introduced the “Rel-Canonical” tag, which allowed the webmaster to canonicalize URLs without affecting the site visitors. To know more…..Visit:-https://moz.com/blog/canonical-url-tag-the-most-important-advancement-in-seo-practices-since-sitemaps

August-2009: Caffeine Preview.

This update was just a major of the preview changes. Which were attended to improve the speed and accuracy size of Google Search? To know more……Visit:-http://googlewebmastercentral.blogspot.com/2009/08/help-test-some-next-generation.html

December-2009: Realtime Search.

Realtime update changes the result pages automatically updated with new information including tweets, Google new articles, and pages. To know more……Visit:-http://searchengineland.com/google-launches-real-time-search-31355

April-2010: Google Place.

In this update, google launch google places,” pages “were no longer only a part of Google Maps. To know more. Visit:- http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2010/04/introducing-google-places.html

May-2010: Mayday.

This update changes the impacted long-tail traffic, it was designed to cause “higher quality sites to surface for long-tail queries”. To know more. Visit:- http://searchengineland.com/google-confirms-mayday-update-impacts-long-tail-traffic-43054

June-2010: Caffeine.

In this update, Google Officially completed the infrastructure. This boosted there speed integrated crawling and indexation. To know more…..Visit:-http://searchengineland.com/googles-new-indexing-infrastructure-caffeine-now-live-43891

August-2010: Brand Update.

In this update, Google started allowing the same domain to appear multiple times on the search results page. To know more…..Visit:-http://searchengineland.com/google-search-results-dominated-by-one-domain-49025

September -2010: Google Instant.

In this update, google changes there google instant, Search result were displayed and changed as user types there quires. To know more…Visit:-     http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2010/09/google-instant-behind-scenes.html

November-2010: Instant Previews.

In this update, Google added a magnifying glass icon next to search results that showed a preview of a Landing Page when you placed your cursor on a result. To know more……Visit:-http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2010/11/beyond-instant-results-instant-previews.html

December-2010: Social Signs.

this is not a technical update but in this update, Google and Bing confirmed that they used social signals in determining to rank..To know more….Visit:-http://searchengineland.com/google-webmaster-video-reconfirms-use-of-social-signals-59320

December-2010: Negative Reviews.

In this update google adjusted their algorithm to target sites who were ranking well based on bad publicity. To know more…Visit:-http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2010/12/being-bad-to-your-customers-is-bad-for.html

I will continue updating the algorithms…………..

Google Latest Algorithm Update.

February-2019: Unnamed Update.

In this update webmaster and tracking tools detect heavy ranking flusk. To know more…Visit:- https://www.seroundtable.com/google-search-ranking-algorithm-update-27077.html

March-2019: 19-result SERPs.

In this update, google showed anomalous page-1 counts, with up to 19 Organic Results. To know more…..Visit:- https://moz.com/blog/march-1st-update-19-result-serps

March-2019: Core Update.

This the Google third major core update. But no specific details were given about the nature of the update. To know more…….Visit:- https://www.seroundtable.com/google-march-2019-core-update-27259.html

April-2019: De-indexing Bug.

In this update, Google confirmed that a bug dropped pages from the search index. To know more…Visit:- https://searchengineland.com/google-de-indexing-issue-now-fully-resolved-315225

May-2019: indexing Bug.

In this update, Google confirmed the indexing bugs. To know more…..Visit:-https://searchengineland.com/google-has-fixed-the-indexing-issue-from-thursday-night-317484

June-2019: Core Update.

In this update google pre-announced a “core “update, but with some limited details. To know more:-https://www.mariehaynes.com/june-3-2019-core-quality-update/

June-2019: site Diversity update.

This is also a googles pre-announced update “site diversity”. It would improve situations where sites had more than two organic listings. To know more.Visit:-https://searchengineland.com/google-search-update-aims-to-show-more-diverse-results-from-different-domain-names-317934



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